Archive for June, 2016

Chiesa di San Tommaso Apostolo (Monte Antico)

June 30th, 2016

Coordinate: 42°59′33.63″N 11°21′30.35″E / 42.992675°N 11.358431°E42.992675; 11.358431
La chiesa di San Tommaso Apostolo è un edificio religioso situato a Monte Antico, nei pressi del castello medievale, all’interno del territorio comunale di Civitella Paganico, in Toscana.
Di origini incerte Ray Ban Occhiali, la chiesa sorse dopo la definitiva scomparsa della pieve di San Giovanni Battista ad Ancaiano. Probabilmente dedicata inizialmente ad un altro santo, deve la sua attuale denominazione ad epoche recenti. Il suo aspetto attuale in stile neomedievale è stato conferito dai lavori di ristrutturazione che si sono svolti nella prima metà del secolo scorso.
L’edificio religioso, attualmente sconsacrato, si presenta in stile neoromanico, con strutture murarie rivestite in pietra. La facciata si presenta ripartita in tre ordini da lesene, ciascuno dei quali corrisponde internamente ad una navata; la parte centrale, ove si apre il portale d’ingresso architravato con arco a tutto sesto e lunetta, risulta più ampia delle due parti laterali che si caratterizzano per la presenza di una nicchia. Nella parte alta della facciata spicca, al centro, un rosone, sopra il quale si apre una nicchia contenente la statua del santo.
Sul fianco laterale destro si eleva il campanile, dalle linee semplici, con la cella campanaria racchiusa all’interno delle monofore a tutto sesto che si aprono nella parte superiore, oltre le quali si eleva la piramide cuspidale che poggia su un tetto di poco sporgente.
L’interno dell’edificio religioso, ove si tengono rassegne e mostre d’arte a carattere temporaneo, è ripartito in tre navate, di cui la centrale più alta e ampia di quelle laterali.

Richie Barnett

June 30th, 2016

Richie Barnett (born 21 April 1972 in Auckland, New Zealand) is a former professional rugby league footballer of the 1990s and 2000s. A New Zealand national representative fullback, he also captained the side during his career, during which he played for clubs in New Zealand, Australia and England. Following his playing career he became a columnist for The New Zealand Herald.he also played two seasons for hull fc.

While playing in New Zealand Barnett was selected to play in the 1992 Pacific Cup for the New Zealand Māori side. He joined Sydney club, Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks in 1994. The following year Barnett was selected to represent New Zealand at the 1995 World Cup. He was selected for New Zealand in the 1996 Super League World Nines tournament. He was selected to play at fullback for the Kiwis in the 1997 ANZAC Test kooples uk. He also played in the 1997 Super League World Nines.
Barnett left the Sharks for cross-town rivals, the Sydney Roosters for the 1998 season. That year he was selected to go on the 1998 New Zealand rugby league tour of Great Britain and played at fullback in all three Tests, scoring two tries. The following year he was selected for the New Zealand team to compete in the end of season 1999 Rugby League Tri-Nations tournament. In the final against Australia he captained the Kiwis at fullback in their 22-20 loss. Barnett’s 2000 season was cut short by a facial fracture he suffered during the 2000 ANZAC Test. He recovered in time to be selected to captain New Zealand from fullback at the 2000 World Cup puma soccer cleats outlet. Barnett was succeeded as captain of New Zealand by Nathan Cayless.
After his NRL career ended, he played for London Broncos in the Super League until 2002.
He currently works as a broadcaster for SKY Network Television.
In the early 21st Century, Barnett developed ME/CFS and has said that the condition was the reason for his retirement. In July 2015, he described himself as 80% recovered. In 2000, he sustained a facial injury during a match and had to have surgery that involved having 10 plates inserted into his skull. He has stated that he would rather go through that surgery again, than live with ME/CFS once more. He is the face of the Associated New Zealand ME Society (ANZMES).

Cape Jervis

June 30th, 2016

Cape Jervis (postcode: 5204) is a town located near the South-western tip of Fleurieu Peninsula in South Australia on the southern end of the Main South Road approximately 108 kilometres (67 mi) south of Adelaide miu miu wallet.
It is named after the headland at the western tip of Fleurieu Peninsula which was named by Matthew Flinders after John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent on 23 March 1802.
It overlooks the coastline adjoining the following three bodies of water – Gulf St Vincent, Investigator Strait and Backstairs Passage. It also overlooks the following facilities both located at the headland of Cape Jervis – the Cape Jervis Lighthouse and the port used by Kangaroo Island SeaLink who operates the ferry service to Penneshaw on Kangaroo Island.
At the 2011 census, the population was 202 and which is reported as growing rapidly kooples outlet, with a new estate (Cape Jervis Heights) situated behind the main town.[citation needed] Cape Jervis is located within the local government area of the District Council of Yankalilla.
Cape Jervis is the starting point for the Heysen Trail, a walking track of 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) length which finishes at Parachilna Gorge in the Flinders Ranges. Venues of interest to visitors to the town include the Deep Creek Conservation Park, the Talisker Conservation Park and two nearby beaches – Morgan’s Beach (with the remains of the trawler Ellen) and Fisheries Beach (with remains of an old whaling station). Cape Jervis is also notable as a point of embarkment for fishing charters.

Wilbur Dartnell

June 30th, 2016

William Thomas Dartnell VC (6 April 1885 – 3 September 1915) (enlisted as Wilbur Taylor Dartnell) was an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Dartnell was born in Melbourne, Australia. After marrying Elizabeth Smyth, he moved to South Africa, where he was living at the outbreak of the First World War. He enlisted in the Royal Fusiliers and was shipped to British East Africa. On 3 September 1915, whilst his company were being evacuated, he stayed behind in an attempt to save the lives of the wounded.

William Dartnell was born on 6 April 1885 at Collingwood, Melbourne, to Henry Dartnell, an English-born fruiterer, and his Australian wife Rose Ann, née Hanley. He was brought up in Melbourne and after leaving school, he became an actor. At the age of 16 he served in the Second Boer War. He married Elizabeth Edith Smyth on 15 April 1907, at Queen Street, Melbourne. Soon after, they settled at Fitzroy.
At the age of 27, Dartnell settled in South Africa. When the First World War started, he volunteered for service and sailed for England. On 12 February 1915, using the name Wilbur Taylor Dartnell, he joined the 25th (Frontiersmen) Battalion, Royal Fusiliers. He was promoted to temporary Lieutenant on 25 July 1915. The regimental history notes of this battalion states that it “included men of various ages and with strange experience from all quarters of the globe”. Raised especially for use against German troops in British East Africa, it was the only British unit sent on active service during the war without preliminary training. The Fusiliers reached Mombasa on 4 May and went at once to their military post on the Uganda railway; their main task was to protect the railway from enemy raiding parties. In June, Dartnell retrieved the Imperial Ensign from the local headquarters at Bukoba, the German base for attacks on the Uganda frontier. The regiment were subsequently awarded battle honours for “Bukoba”.
Shortly after the victory at Bukoba, the battalion moved to Voi in preparation for an allied advance towards German East Africa. Two companies were dispatched by rail to Maktau, a small village in the lee of the Taita Hills. Thirty-five miles from Voi, it was the railhead of the military railway then under construction towards Taveta. On 3 September 1915, his mounted infantry patrol was ambushed

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On 3 September 1915, near Maktau, Kenya, during a mounted infantry engagement, the enemy were so close that it was impossible to get the more severely wounded away. Lieutenant Dartnell, who was himself being carried away wounded in the leg, seeing the situation, and knowing that the enemy’s black troops murdered the wounded, insisted on being left behind, in the hope of being able to save the lives of other wounded men. He gave his own life in a gallant attempt to save others.”
Dartnell and eight other European troops were originally buried at Maktau. After the war they were reburied in the Commonwealth War Grave Cemetery at Voi, 100 miles inland from the port of Mombasa on the East African coast. His headstone with the VC emblem lies to the right of the entrance to the Cemetery. His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Australian War Memorial.

Lazare Lévy

June 30th, 2016

Lazare Lévy (* 18. Januar 1882 in Brüssel; † 20. September 1964 in Paris) war ein französischer Pianist, Musikpädagoge und Komponist.
Lévy studierte Klavier bei Louis Diémer am Conservatoire de Paris, das er 1898 mit einem ersten Preis abschloss. Außerdem studierte er Harmonielehre bei Albert Lavignac und Kontrapunkt bei André Gedalge. Zu seinen Studienkameraden und musikalischen Partnern zählten in dieser Zeit Alfredo Casella, Alfred Cortot, George Enescu, Pierre Monteux, Maurice Ravel und Jacques Thibaud.
1902 debütierte er bei den Concerts Colonne unter Leitung ihres Gründers Édouard Colonne mit Schumanns Klavierkonzert. Lévy spielte in der Folgezeit mehrere Uraufführungen von Werken zeitgenössischer Komponisten wie Paul Dukas, Darius Milhaud und insbesondere Camille Saint-Saëns, dessen Klavierwerke (insbesondere das fünfte Klavierkonzert) er in ganz Europa bekannt machte. 1911 spielte er den ersten Band von Isaac Albéniz’ Iberia. Mit älteren Kollegen wie Harold Bauer, Ignatz Paderewski, und Françis Planté verbanden den jungen Pianisten freundschaftliche Beziehungen.
1907 war Lévy Koautor einer Klavierschule, die von Diémer herausgegeben wurde. Lange Zeit unterrichtete er am Conservatoire: zunächst von 1914 bis 1916 und von 1921 bis 1923 als temporäre Lehrkraft, dann als Cortots Nachfolger von 1923 bis 1941 und nochmals von 1944 bis 1953. Zu seinen Schülern zählten Musiker wie die Pianisten Monique Haas, Clara Haskil, Alexandre Uninsky und Madeleine de Valmalete, der Organist Marcel Dupré und die Komponisten John Cage, Lukas Foss und Oskar Morawetz.
Als Konzertpianist trat Lévy in ganz Europa, Afrika und Asien auf. Er führte als erster französischer Pianist die Werke Skrjabins auf und war einer der ersten Pianisten Rucksack MCM, der sich im 20. Jahrhundert ernsthaft mit dem Klavierwerk Schuberts auseinandersetzte. Er trat unter Dirigenten wir Désiré Inghelbrecht, Dimitri Mitropoulos, Pierre Monteux, Charles Munch, Paul Paray und Felix Weingartner auf und war befreundet mit Edwin Fischer, André Marchal, Sergei Rachmaninoff, dem Philosophen Emmanuel Levinas und mit André Malraux.
Während der deutschen Besatzung Frankreichs lebte Lévy im Untergrund, sein Sohn Philippe, der in der Résistance aktiv war, kam in deutsche Gefangenschaft und starb in Auschwitz.
Lévy komponierte eine Anzahl von Werken für Klavier, für Orgel und für kammermusikalische Besetzungen sowie eine Oper. Er spielte nur wenige Plattenaufnahmen, darunter Sonaten von Mozart ein. Auch eine humoristische Aufführung von Wagners Tannhäuser-Ouvertüre auf dem Klavier unter Verwendung einer Schuhbürste wurde nie aufgezeichnet.

Concussion

June 30th, 2016

Une concussion (du latin concussio ; de concussum, supin de concussere : secouer) est, au sens étymologique du terme, une secousse, un ébranlement. Ce terme est par ailleurs un faux-ami désignant en anglais un traumatisme crânien. Au sens propre, il s’agit aujourd’hui de corruption passive, d’une malversation dans l’exercice d’une fonction publique, particulièrement dans le maniement des deniers publics. Par exemple, un agent public qui favorise un concurrent lors d’un marché public en échange d’une contrepartie financière commet un acte de concussion, tandis que le concurrent commet un acte de corruption.

La définition exacte de la concussion en droit romain n’est pas connue ; on ne peut tenter de déduire sa portée que d’après les exemples que donnent les textes antiques. La concussion serait le crime d’extorsion sans violence commis par un particulier ou un fonctionnaire, usant d’intimidation ou prétextant des pouvoirs fictifs, ou abusant de pouvoirs réels.
Passible sous l’Ancien Régime de peine capitale chaussure de foot, la concussion n’est plus aujourd’hui frappée que d’emprisonnement, suivant la qualité du coupable et l’importance des sommes indûment exigées ou reçues celine sac. L’Histoire a retenu le nom des coupables de concussion suivants :
Le Code pénal français punit comme coupables de concussion les fonctionnaires ou officiers publics ainsi que leurs commis ou préposés qui ordonnent de percevoir, exigent ou reçoivent ce qu’ils savent « n’être pas dû ou excéder ce qui est dû pour droits, taxes, contributions, deniers ou revenus, ou pour salaires et traitements ». Le Code pénal, en son article 432-10, définit ce délit, et le sanctionne d’une peine de prison de cinq ans assortie d’une amende de 500000 euros.
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John Melendez

June 30th, 2016

John Edward Melendez (born October 4, 1965), commonly known as “Stuttering John,” is an American television writer and radio personality. Prior to his work on television as a writer and announcer, Melendez was a regular on-air personality on The Howard Stern Show. He became known for asking impertinent questions of celebrities on the red carpet and at press conferences with his stuttering.

Melendez grew up in Massapequa, Long Island and attended Plainedge High School. Melendez was born to a Puerto Rican father and a Danish mother. According to Melendez, he began to stutter when he was in the second grade as a result of the psychological mistreatment from his father when he witnessed an argument between his parents. He attended Plainedge High School, where he was picked on by the neighborhood bullies because of his stuttering.
In 1988, Melendez attended New York University’s film school, and belonged to a band called “Rock Slide.” His college roommate, comedian Mitch Fatel, was on the verge of quitting his internship with The Howard Stern Show, when Melendez asked him for a recommendation for an internship there. The show’s producer, Gary Dell’Abate, mentioned Melendez’s stuttering to Howard Stern who, without seeing him and even before he was interviewed, told the producer to hire him.
On Stern’s show, Melendez’s primary role was answering phones and screening listener calls before they were allowed on the air. That often entailed intentionally “stirring the pot” by putting through callers willing to say something outrageous or to bring up something that would get a reaction from the guest that’s on the air.
Melendez is best known for segments in which he asked celebrities confronting questions at red carpet events, functions, promotional appearances, and press conferences. The puerile questions, written by Stern, Fred Norris, and Jackie Martling, centered around a given celebrity’s private life and were premised on the idea that a celebrity would not want to look bad by refusing an interview from a stutterer. Melendez sported long hair and metal T-shirts and asked questions by reading them from a sheet of paper. As he became better known, he occasionally wore a disguise consisting of an overcoat, fedora and fake mustache. His interviews were characterized by punchline-free “joke” questions, such as asking actress Melanie Griffith how her father, Andy, was.
The absurdity of the questions Melendez asked were often amplified by the fact that he himself appeared to lack common pop culture knowledge and often did not even seem to know who the subjects of his interview were or what they were famous for. Melendez would thus be unaware of why his questions would provoke such angry reactions, such as when he asked Ally Sheedy if she had vomited lately, unaware that the actress suffered from bulimia. Some celebrities were a personal target of Stern’s, such as Ted Williams, who was interviewed by Melendez because Stern disapproved the idea of athletes charging money for autographs. Oftentimes the celebrity would react angrily, but other times the celebrity would take the questions in good humor. Melendez notably interviewed Gennifer Flowers, Ringo Starr, and the Dalai Lama. At Gennifer Flowers’ news conference playing the ‘Clinton Tapes’, he asked her if she planned to sleep with any other candidates before the election to which she reacted by laughing. He asked the Dalai Lama, if anyone ever greeted him with “Hello Dolly!”, in a joking reference to the play and movie; the Dalai Lama’s translator whispered the translation to the Dalai Lama, who chuckled. Another time Melendez interviewed Debbie Gibson losing an award to Wilson Phillips, to which she jokingly agreed with his idea that “the fat one would eat the statue”. Melendez also provided comic interest with his misadventures, poor grammar and sloppy pronunciation.
Melendez started receiving national exposure in the early 1990s as Stern’s syndicated morning radio show acquired more markets and in 1994 when its condensed version began airing nightly on E! Entertainment Television, basic cable network with national coverage. During his 15-year run as Stern’s employee, Melendez also starred in the Off-Broadway show Tony n’ Tina’s Wedding where he met his wife, Suzanna. His newly acquired fringe prominence also got him colorful bit parts in the movies Airheads, Meet Wally Sparks, Dude, Where’s My Car?, Osmosis Jones, as well as Howard Stern’s movie Private Parts. He has also appeared on television on episodes of Wings, Baywatch Nights, and the 2003 United States version of the reality series I’m a Celebrity… Get Me Out Of Here!.
Melendez was also the protagonist of some of the show’s more outrageous moments. In 2001 during A.J. Benza’s appearance, Melendez got slapped in the face by Benza who did not appreciate the incessant lampooning of his failed late-night show, seeing Melendez as the main culprit. The on-air slap prompted extended fracas and it resulted in Benza being permanently banned from Stern’s show. Throughout the early part of 2002, Melendez and WXRK afternoon deejay Lee Mroszak (aka “Crazy Cabbie”) had numerous on-air spats, which were used by Stern as fodder for multiple segments on the show. Their feud eventually culminated in a boxing match scheduled for Friday morning May 31, 2002 at Trump Taj Mahal in Atlantic City and was promoted on the show as “The Flunky versus the Junkie” with 2,500 tickets going on sale for $100 each. The 7 am fight, essentially an extended segment on the show which itself was broadcast from around the ring that morning, was set for five 2-minute rounds with a two-minute break in between each round and it went the distance with the 175 lb Melendez winning over the 262 lb Cabbie by unanimous decision.
Following a guest appearance on The Tonight Show to promote I’m a Celebrity…Get Me Out of Here! in 2003, Melendez received an offer from Jay Leno to become the late-night show’s New York ‘correspondent’ who would ask celebrities questions on the red carpet, similar to one of his roles on the Stern show. Melendez claimed that he turned down the offer because he could not get a private conversation with Stern to ask him about it. Stern later claimed how “lame” an idea it was for Leno to reuse Melendez the way he did (in a less edgy way).
In parallel with his duties on the Stern show in the morning, Melendez got a daily afternoon show on New York City’s WXRK (The Howard Stern Show flagship station) from noon to 1 pm called Out to Lunch, consisting mostly of taking musical requests by e-mail and playing them. The show was cancelled on August 21, 2003 with Stern turning it into a 45-minute segment at the end of his live broadcast that day by having WXRK program director Robert Cross (aka Chuck Roast) come in and break the bad news on the air to Melendez.
In February 2004, the New York Post revealed that Melendez had been offered the announcer position on The Tonight Show while Stern’s show was on vacation. Many perceived the move as an attempt by Leno to attract a younger demographic. Melendez’s offer, which was made without Stern’s knowledge, prompted a rift between Stern and Leno. Stern berated Leno on his show for weeks on end, with insults such as “To an 18- to 25-year-old male, Jay Leno is gay. He might as well put a dress on,” as well as accusations that Leno was “ripping him off.”
Following Melendez’s departure, Stern organized an on-air contest to find his replacement. Billed as “Win John’s Job”, the contest resulted in the hiring of Sal Governale (aka “Sal the Stockbroker”) and Richard Christy.
On February 27, 2008, more than four years removed from his time on The Howard Stern Show, Melendez was interviewed over the phone by Adam Carolla on his radio show with discussion of Melendez’s 15 years as Stern’s employee dominating the conversation. Carolla brought up the fact that on-air personnel on radio shows, even long-running hit shows, earn very low salaries compared to the show’s host and wondered what kind of money Melendez made considering he was down in the show’s pecking order, behind Stern, Robin Quivers, Fred, Jackie, and Gary. Melendez revealed that his first salary on The Howard Stern Show in 1990 was $10,000 per year before adding that, much to his disappointment, he only got an additional $10,000 per year once the show began to be broadcast on E! in 1994. Asked explicitly by Carolla if, considering that the station manager Tom Chiusano would not increase his salary, he ever thought, hoped or expected that Stern (who earned more than $20 million per year) would “kick something down to [him],” Melendez answered: “Of course, Adam. I mean, listen, you know, I love Howard and all, but my biggest beef has always been on that show that, you know, they just don’t take care of people financially… That bothered me… Well, you know what, this is the thing, Howard always said that he doesn’t want to get involved in people’s salaries, but you know what, man, at some point I think you do… I didn’t look at Howard bitterly then, but the only problem I had was, then when you would go out and do these ancillary gigs he would then be angry that you’re doing them. And that’s where it becomes a problem, because in other words he’s saying: ‘I’m not gonna pay you, I’m not responsible for your pay, but if you do these other gigs I’m not very happy with you to do them'”.
In response, Stern devoted a 30-minute tirade to Melendez’s comments with Carolla, calling the former employee a “no-talent ingrate” who should stick to holding up the mug on The Tonight Show, “I didn’t have a beef with him before, but I do now. He’s delusional. He can go fuck himself. I’ve had it with him, and he’s a talentless fuck. All he did was stutter. He just asked questions that we wrote for him.” Commenting on Melendez’s claim that Stern did not like him doing stand-up, Stern retorted, “That’s because they were horrible and he was slapping my name on them.” He also touched on the fact the Melendez’s then-wife Suzanna and Stern’s then-fiancée Beth are friends by saying he does not want them phoning each other anymore: “I’m going to have a talk with Beth about that”. Stern also had choice words for Carolla over what he saw as a fellow radio host’s attempt to get Melendez riled up: “He calls me ‘Stern,’ and I’m not sure what that’s about”.
Melendez debuted on The Tonight Show on March 29 ted baker dresses 2016, 2004, taking over for Edd Hall. On the show, he was identified simply as “John Melendez” as opposed to “Stuttering John.” John would hold up a coffee mug during the show’s opening sequence as his signature move.
In late September 2004, only six months after Melendez joined the show, NBC announced that Leno would be succeeded by Conan O’Brien in 2009. Throughout his first run on the Tonight Show, Melendez regularly appeared in the show’s comedy sketches and did correspondent pieces.
In September 2009, Melendez reunited with Leno and former Tonight bandleader Kevin Eubanks as a member of the writing staff on The Jay Leno Show. Confirmation of his status on Leno’s new prime time show came later than that of Eubanks, weeks after the end of Leno’s tenure on The Tonight Show, which led to speculation that he would not appear at all. Melendez’s ambiguous job status prompted a sarcastic job offer from his former boss Stern.
When asked about Melendez’s new role, Leno stated that Melendez would appear in comedy segments during the show and that the new show would not have a studio announcer. He described his interplay with Melendez on Tonight as “awkward,” saying “I’d throw to Kevin Eubanks, and I’d throw to John, and I realized that my guy is Eubanks.”
With the return of Leno’s Tonight Show in March 2010, Melendez continued in the writing role, which he continued on The Jay Leno Show. Melendez did not return as an announcer on the second incarnation of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno (the job went to Wally Wingert) and was employed as a staff writer and occasional on-air segment host until Leno’s departure from The Tonight Show on February 6, 2014.
On November 4, 2015 Melendez announced that he had become the executive producer and an on-air contributor to The Stephanie Miller Show, a progressive radio talk show.
In 2004, Melendez provided the voice of Spaceship Bob, the A.I. that controls the ship Jupiter 42, on Tripping the Rift.
After moving out to California in 2004 to work on The Tonight Show, Melendez resided in the city of Calabasas with his wife, Suzanna Keller, and their three children. The couple filed for separation in October 2011 and divorced in 2012.
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Valentin Thau

June 30th, 2016

Valentin Thau (* 6. Oktober 1531 in Herbsleben; † 10. Juni 1575 in Leipzig) war ein deutscher Mathematiker, Astronom und Jurist.

1540 war Valentin Thau Schüler in Herbsleben. 1543 begann er mit einem Stipendium der Gemeinde Herbsleben seine Ausbildung in Schulpforta Rucksack MCM. Valentin Thau war der dritte Schüler in der nach der Reformation neu gegründeten Fürstenschule (Handschrift von 1479 und im gedruckten Schülerverzeichnis von 1898). 1549 erfolgte die Immatrikulation an der Universität Leipzig. 1553 machte er die Studienprüfung zum Baccalaureus Rucksack MCM.
1555 folgte die Prüfung zum Magister der Philosophie. Valentin Thau begann seine Lehrtätigkeit an der Universität Leipzig und studierte weiter, Mathematik und Astronomie bei Professor
(Homelius, Homelio; 1518–1562) und Jura. Am 18. April 1561 folgte die Prüfung zum Baccalaureus beider Rechte (Rechtswissenschaft), d. h. des weltlichen und des kirchlichen Rechts.
Auf ausdrücklichen Wunsch und Befehl des Kurfürsten August I. von Sachsen beriefen nach Hommels Tode 1562 die Räte und das Kollegium der Universität Valentin Thau auf den verwaisten Lehrstuhl für Mathematik und Astronomie.
1562 heiratet Thau die Leipziger Bürgerstochter Elisabeth Rheners, mit der er zwei Töchter hatte.
Zwischen 1563 und 1575 war Valentin Thau bei allen Prüfungen der Artistenfakultät präsent, als examinator (Prüfer), als executor (Aufseher), als claviger (Stabträger/Rechnungsprüfer) oder als promotor (Professor, der die Doktorwürde verleiht). 1564 erfolgte die Wahl zum Dekan der Artistenfakultät. Er leitete die Baccalaureat- und Magister- Prüfungen der nachwachsenden Studenten.
Mit Schreiben vom 4. Oktober 1564 beauftragte ihn Kurfürst August I. mit der Planung und Fertigung geometrischer Wegemesswagen. Thau baute davon mit finanzieller Hilfe des Kurfürsten drei Exemplare, die zur Vermessung der Wege in den sächsischen Territorien eingesetzt wurden. Bei Wegevermessungen in Sachsen durch Adam Friedrich Zürner Anfang des 18. Jahrhunderts wurden die mathematischen Berechnungen Thaus erneut zur Herstellung geometrischer Wegemesswagen eingesetzt, ohne den ersten Konstrukteur zu nennen.
1566 wurde Valentin Thau zum ordentlichen Professor der Mathematik (Ordinarius) ernannt und zum Vizekanzler der Universität gewählt. 1574 wurde er zum zweiten Mal zum Dekan der Artistenfakultät gewählt.
1565 gab Valentin Thau in seiner ersten wissenschaftlichen Abhandlung “Elegia de dignitate et praestantia artis geometricae” (Elegie über die Würde und Vortrefflichkeit der geometrischen Kunst), die in Dankbarkeit dem Kurfürsten August I. von Sachsen gewidmet ist, eine Beschreibung der “Rheda geometrica”, seines geometrischen Wegemesswagens bekannt.
In seiner zweiten Veröffentlichung “Disputatio de circuli geometrici tetragonismo” (Erörterung der Vierwinkligkeit des geometrischen Kreises) befasste sich Valentin Thau 1566 mit den Kreisberechnungen und mathematischen Erkenntnissen des griechischen Gelehrten Archimedes, reflektierte Kopernikus.
1572 “Eis amphieterida tēn paschalian kai trishagia nikēteria amnu…” (Auf das österliche Jahresfest und die dreiheilige Zuflucht…). Die griechische Abhandlung enthielt ein Lob des Osterfestes, dessen genaue Festlegung durch die Weltära, den ägyptischen Kalender und die Olympiaden nach attischen Perioden erfolgt. Die genaue Festlegung des Ostertermins war im 16. Jahrhundert ein umstrittenes Thema; sie hing mit der anstehenden Kalenderreform zusammen.
Zwei erst nach seinem Tode veröffentlichte Schriften (“Hymnus anniversarius” und “In festum anniversarium paschale”) beschäftigen sich gleichfalls mit dem aktuellen Thema des Ostertermins.
neben den oben angeführten
Gemeindearchiv der Gemeinde Herbsleben:

Liste der Baudenkmale in Buchholz (bei Röbel)

June 30th, 2016

In der Liste der Baudenkmale in Buchholz (bei Röbel) sind alle denkmalgeschützten Bauten der Gemeinde Buchholz (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) und ihrer Ortsteile aufgelistet Rucksack MCM. Grundlage ist die Veröffentlichung der Denkmalliste des Landkreises Müritz mit dem Stand vom April 2010.
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Wirzenborn

June 30th, 2016

50.42784887.8631919Koordinaten: 50° 25′ 40″ N, 7° 51′ 47″ O
Lage von Wirzenborn in Rheinland-Pfalz
Wirzenborn (mundartlich „Weazeborn“) ist ein Stadtteil und ein Ortsbezirk von Montabaur im Westerwaldkreis in Rheinland-Pfalz. Er ist von der Einwohnerzahl her der kleinste Stadtteil von Montabaur. Bis 1972 war Wirzenborn eine eigenständige Gemeinde im damaligen Unterwesterwaldkreis.

Der Wallfahrtsort Wirzenborn liegt im nördlichen Westerwälder Teil des Naturparks Nassau im Gelbachtal etwa drei Kilometer östlich der Innenstadt von Montabaur. Im Südosten liegt der Montabaurer Stadtteil Reckenthal. Zum Ortsbezirk Wirzenborn gehören auch rechts des Gelbachs liegenden Wohnplätze Grubenhaus und Wirzenbornermühle.
Wirzenborn liegt im Gebiet des zwischen 930 und 959 erstmals beschriebenen Bannes und Kirchspiels Humbach (später Montabaur genannt). Der Ort wurde 1363 erstmals mit den Namen „Wirzindale“ und „Wurcendal“ in einem Güterverzeichnis des Klosters Ebersbach urkundlich erwähnt. Die erste Ansiedlung erfolgte auf einem, in einer weiten Mäanderschleife des Gelbachs liegenden, Gleithang, der „Küppelfeld“ genannt wurde (heutige Flurbezeichnung „Kippelfeld“). Den ersten Teil des Ortsnamens leitet man von dem Personennamen „Wirzo“ ab. Im 15. Jahrhundert wurde auf der linken Seite des Gelbachs auf einem Felsen eine Kapelle errichtet, wegen einer daneben liegenden Quelle oder Brunnens wurde die Kapelle von Anfang an „Wirzenborn“ genannt. Später ging der Name Wirzenborn auch auf das Dorf über.
Nach einem Verzeichnis aus dem Jahre 1548 bildeten die drei Ortschaften Bladernheim, Reckenthal (Reckendal) und Wirzenborn (damals noch Wirzendal genannt) eine „Zeche“ (Verwaltungsbezirk) des kurtrierischen Amtes Montabaur. Die Verwaltung der „Zeche“ war einem vom Montabaurer Amtmann eingesetzten Heimburger übertragen. Die drei Dörfer hatten zusammen 19 Feuerstätten (Hofstellen). Dem Stift St. Florin in Koblenz waren jährlich sechs Malter Hafer abzugeben. Im Trierer Feuerbuch von 1563 werden für Wirzenborn sechs Feuerstellen angegeben, was etwa 30 Einwohnern entspricht. Hierzu zählte auch die Mühle, die 1486 erbaut wurde. 1684 waren es ebenfalls sechs Feuerstellen, es wurden drei trierische, ein westerburgischer und zwei isenburgische Untertanen (Familien) gezählt.
Im Jahre 1786 hatte Wirzenborn 50 Einwohner.
Wirzenborn gehörte bis zum Anfang des 19. Jahrhunderts zum rechtsrheinischen Teil von Kurtrier, der infolge des Reichsdeputationshauptschlusses 1803 dem Fürstentum Nassau-Weilburg zugeordnet wurde. Nach der Bildung des Rheinbundes gehörte Wirzenborn von 1806 an zum Herzogtum Nassau. Unter der nassauischen Verwaltung war Wirzenborn dem nassauischen Amt Montabaur und bis 1815 dem Regierungsbezirk Ehrenbreitstein danach dem Regierungsbezirk Wiesbaden zugeordnet.
Nach einer Statistik des Herzogtums Nassau aus dem Jahre 1843 hatte die Gemeinde Wirzenborn 95 Einwohner, die mit 23 Familien in 17 Häusern lebten. Die Einwohner waren ausnahmslos katholisch.
1866 wurde das Herzogtum Nassau von Preußen annektiert. Die Gemeinde Wirzenborn wurde 1867 Teil der preußischen Provinz Hessen-Nassau und gehörte zum damals neu gebildeten Unterwesterwaldkreis. 1946 wurde die Gemeinde Wirzenborn Teil des Landes Rheinland-Pfalz.
Im Rahmen der Mitte der 1960er Jahre begonnenen rheinland-pfälzischen Kommunalreform wurde die bis dahin eigenständige Gemeinde Wirzenborn zum 22. April 1972 mit 119 Einwohnern in die Stadt Montabaur eingemeindet.
Eine Wallfahrtskapelle zu Wirzenborn wurde erstmals 1497 erwähnt Rucksack MCM, die zu der Zeit aber schon einige Zeit bestanden hat. Die Wallfahrten erfolgten hauptsächlich von Montabaur aus und wurden möglicherweise zuerst durch den großen Stadtbrand im Jahre 1491 veranlasst. Von 1498 bis 1510 wurde an Stelle der Kapelle die heutige Kirche gebaut. Das Wirzenborner Gnadenbild, eine stehende Madonna mit dem Jesuskind auf dem linken Arm und dem Zepter in der Rechten, wird aufgrund der Formgebung auf die Zeit um 1380 geschätzt. Das Gnadenbild kam erst um 1600 nach Wirzenborn, wahrscheinlich stammt es aus einem verlassenen Benediktinerinnenkloster im Westerwald. Im 18. Jahrhundert wurden auf dem alten Wallfahrtsweg von Montabaur nach Wirzenborn fünfzehn Stationen mit Darstellungen zu den sieben Freuden und den sieben Schmerzen Mariens aufgestellt.
Der Trierer Erzbischof Clemens Wenzeslaus verbot 1784 alle Prozessionen, die sich über mehr als eine Stunde Weges erstreckte. Daraufhin wurden die Wallfahrten nach Wirzenborn eingestellt. Auch in der nassauischen Zeit (1803–1866) fanden keine Wallfahrten statt. Ab 1890, nach der Zeit des Kulturkampfs, und nach 1945 (Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs) wurden die Wallfahrten wieder neu belebt.
Die Wallfahrtskirche Wirzenborn gehört zur Montabaurer Pfarrei St. Peter in Ketten.
Seit 1817 bildete Wirzenborn zusammen mit den Nachbargemeinden Bladernheim und Reckenthal einen Schulverband. Das gemeinsame Schulgebäude war in Reckenthal. Seit 1972 gehen die Kinder nach Montabaur zur Schule. Wirzenborn gehört zum Schulbezirk der Joseph-Kehrein-Grundschule.
Der Ortsbezirk Wirzenborn ist identisch mit der gleichnamigen Gemarkung, die dem früheren Gemeindegebiet von Wirzenborn entspricht. Die Interessen des Ortsbezirks werden durch den gewählten Ortsbeirat, dem drei Mitglieder angehören, und der Ortsvorsteherin vertreten. Ortsvorsteherin ist Christel Müller.
Bladernheim | Elgendorf | Eschelbach | Ettersdorf | Horressen | Reckenthal | Wirzenborn

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